High blood pressure
(hypertension) is defined as a blood pressure reading of greater
than 140/90 mmHg. The
top number in the ratio represents systolic pressure (the pressure
when your heart beats), while the bottom number represents diastolic
pressure (the pressure when your heart is at rest).
A normal blood pressure
reading is below 120/80.
Readings between 120-139 over 80-89 are referred to as
people with diabetes or chronic kidney disease, a reading of greater
than 130/80 is considered high.
High blood pressure is
often referred to as the "silent killer," as its effects are often
not noticed until significant damage has occurred. Nearly one in three adults
(more than 65 million) and more than half of all adults over the age
of 60 have high blood pressure.
Primary effects of
untreated high blood pressure may include:
- An enlarged heart,
leading to heart failure.
- Injury to the lining
of the arteries, subsequent inflammation and buildup of plaque, and
blockage of the arteries supplying blood to the heart, brain, etc.
- Small bulges
(aneurysms) in the arteries, which may burst and result in internal
- Damage to and failure
of the blood vessels in the kidneys.
- Bursting of the blood
vessels in the eye, leading to vision loss or
Many people experience
high blood pressure without specific identifiable causes. This is referred to as
"primary" or "essential" hypertension.
There are many
potential secondary causes of high blood pressure,
- Being overweight or
- Excess dietary
- Toxin exposure -
e.g., heavy metals
- If overweight, guide the client how to reach and maintain a healthier body
- Shift to an
- Supplement to help
manage blood pressure levels and moderate inflammation,
Essential fatty acids
- Avoid future
toxin exposure, and safely / properly reduce existing toxin levels in
- If smoking, try to
stop on your own or join a smoking cessation
- Incorporate regular,
- Seek professional help for existing
psychological factors (e.g.,